Approximately 20 different infections are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. For more complete information about STIs, you may want to visit http: Why are sexually transmitted diseases STDs and sexually transmitted infections List some sexually transmitted diseases of particular concern for pregnant women?
Share Facebook Twitter Pinterest Email. Here are descriptions of some common STIs. Can be treated with antibiotics List some sexually transmitted diseases untreated, can cause pelvic inflammatory diseasewhich can lead to chronic pelvic List some sexually transmitted diseases and permanent damage to a woman's reproductive organs.
Can be transmitted to fetus during pregnancy or to infant during delivery, causing eye infections or pneumonia. Antibiotic ointment List some sexually transmitted diseases usually applied to a baby's eyes after birth to treat undetected chlamydia.
Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together, people who have one infection are typically treated for both by their health care provider. To prevent health List some sexually transmitted diseases and sexual transmission, treatment should be
List some sexually transmitted diseases promptly for all persons testing positive for infection, and recent sexual partners should be treated at the same time to prevent reinfection.
Infected individuals should follow their List some sexually transmitted diseases care provider's recommendations about how long to abstain from List some sexually transmitted diseases after the treatment is completed to avoid passing the infection back and forth.
Caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which can grow and multiply rapidly in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract Most common symptoms include discharge from the vagina or penis and painful or difficult urination.
Can be transmitted to the List some sexually transmitted diseases during pregnancy 2 Because chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together, people who have one infection are typically treated for both by their health care provider. HIV-infected people with gonorrhea are also more likely to transmit the virus to someone else. Caused by the herpes simplex virus HSV 4 There are List some sexually transmitted diseases different strains, or types: Both can cause genital herpes, although most cases of genital herpes are caused by HSV Symptoms of
List some sexually transmitted diseases are typically painful, watery skin blisters on or around the genitals or anus.
However, substantial numbers of people who carry these viruses have no or only minimal signs or symptoms. Cannot be cured, but can be controlled with medication One medication can be taken daily to make it less likely that the infection will pass on to sex partner s or to infants during childbirth.
If a pregnant woman has an outbreak when List some sexually transmitted diseases goes into labor, she may need to have a cesarean section C-section to prevent the infant from getting the virus during birth. Destroys the body's system by killing the blood cells that fight infection.
Once HIV destroys a substantial proportion of these cells, the body's ability to fight off and recover from infections is compromised. People whose HIV infection has progressed AIDS have a weakened immune system and are very susceptible to opportunistic infections that do not normally make people sick and to certain forms of cancer.
In people who do not have HIV, the infection can be prevented by many tools, including abstaining from sex, limiting the number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms appropriately. PrEP will not work if it is not taken consistently. Transmission of the virus primarily occurs during unprotected sexual activity and by sharing needles used to inject intravenous drugs.
HIV can spread from mother to fetus during pregnancy and from mother to infant during delivery and breastfeeding. However, treatments are available that can virtually eliminate these types of transmission. More than 40 HPV types exist, and all of them can infect both men and women. The types of HPVs vary in their ability to cause genital warts; infect other regions of the body, including the mouth and throat; and cause cancers of the cervix, vulva, penis, anus, and mouth.
Regular screening with a Pap smear test can prevent or detect at an early stage most cases of HPV-caused cervical cancer. A Pap smear test involves a health care provider taking samples of cells from the cervix during a standard gynecologic exam; these cells are examined under a microscope for signs of developing cancer.
Two available vaccines protect against most but not all HPV types that cause cervical cancer. A group advising the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends this vaccine for boys and girls starting at 11 or 12 years old.
Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum List some sexually transmitted diseases from person to person during vaginal, List some sexually transmitted diseases, or oral sex through direct contact with syphilis sores Syphilis can also be spread from an infected mother to her fetus. But the syphilis rate has increased nearly every year up tothe most recent year for which data are available.
Rates have increased among both men and women, but men account for a vast majority of syphilis cases. Chancres List some sexually transmitted diseases resolve on
List some sexually transmitted diseases own, but the body does not clear the infection on its own. Chancres make a person two to five times more likely to contract an HIV infection. If recognized during the early stages, usually within the first year of infection, syphilis can be treated with a single injection of antibiotic.
If not recognized early, or not treated immediately, syphilis may need longer treatment antibiotics. Usually spreads to other organs, including the skin, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, List some sexually transmitted diseases joints in secondary syphilis.
Other sores, as a syphilis rash, can break out in later stages. Tertiary syphilis can develop over a period of years and involve the nerves, eyes, and brain and can potentially cause death. Can pass to the fetus during pregnancy and to the infant during delivery Infants who get syphilis infection in the womb may have misshapen bones, very low red List some sexually transmitted diseases cell count called severe anemiaenlarged liver and spleen, jaundice yellowing of the skin or eyesnerve problems, blindness or deafness, meningitis, and skin rashes.
Persons with syphilis must notify their sex partners so that they also can be tested and receive treatment if necessary. List some sexually transmitted diseases women with syphilis, especially untreated syphilis, are at an increased risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.
Occurs when problematic bacteria that are normally present only in small amounts in the body increase in number. Their levels get List some sexually transmitted diseases high that they replace normal vaginal bacteria and upset the usual balance. likely if a woman douches frequently or has new or multiple sexual partners Most common symptom is a thin, milky discharge that is often described as having a "fishy" odor.
However, some women will have no symptoms at all. Can be treated with antibiotics, typically metronidazole or clindamycin Generally, sexual partners of women with bacterial vaginosis do not need to be treated because treatment partners has not been shown to reduce the risk of recurrence.
Treatment is recommended for all pregnant women who show symptoms. Caused 14 by the single-celled parasite Trichomonas vaginalis Common in young, sexually active women but also infects men, though less frequently The parasite can be transmitted between men and as well as between women whenever physical contact List some sexually transmitted diseases between the genital areas.
Can cause frequent, painful, or "burning" urination in men and women as well as vaginal discharge, genital soreness, redness, or itching in women. However, it may not cause any symptoms. Because the infection can occur without symptoms, a may be unaware that he or she is infected and continue to re-infect a sexual partner who is having recurrent signs of infection.
Can be treated with a single dose of an antibiotic, usually either metronidazole or tinidazole, taken by mouth Because of re-infection, it is important to make sure that
List some sexually transmitted diseases diagnosed individual and all sexual partners are treated at the same time.
Retesting is recommended for all sexually active women within 3 months after initial treatment even if List some sexually transmitted diseases believe their partners were treated. Stillbirth and newborn death are more than twice as likely among pregnant women with List some sexually transmitted diseases infection than among uninfected pregnant women.
Caused by several different viral strains More information about hepatitis A, B, and C can be found on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Hepatitis A virus HAV: Causes a short-term or self-limited liver infection that can be quite serious. Does not result in chronic infection. Can be transmitted during sexual activity and through List some sexually transmitted diseases contact. Vaccination can prevent HAV infection. Usually the infection gets better on its own without requiring treatment.
In some cases, however, individuals may have such severe nausea and vomiting that they must be admitted to the hospital or may have lasting damage to their livers.
Causes a serious liver infection that can result in both immediate illness and lifelong infection and disease, leading to permanent liver scarring cirrhosiscancer, liver failure, and death.
Can be treated with antiviral medications. Vaccination can prevent HBV infection. Spreads through sexual contact, as well as through contact with other bodily fluids, such as blood; through shared contaminated needles used for List some transmitted diseases intravenous drugs; and through tattooing and piercing. Pregnant women with HBV can transmit the virus to their infants during delivery, but a series of vaccinations and a shot of hepatitis B immune globulin for the baby beginning at birth can prevent this transmission.
Without vaccination, babies born to women with HBV infection can develop chronic infection, which can lead to serious health problems.
List some sexually List some sexually transmitted diseases diseases individuals need to take special care not to pass on List some sexually transmitted diseases
List some sexually transmitted diseases to their sexual partners, and sexual partners should receive hepatitis B vaccine if they are not already immune.
Serious infection of the liver that can cause an immediate illness but that, in most people, becomes a silent, chronic infection that leads liver scarring cirrhosiscancer, liver failure, and death Most infected people may List some sexually transmitted diseases be aware of their infection because they do not develop symptoms.
Most commonly transmitted through sharing needles or exposure to infected blood. Less commonly, it can spread through sexual contact or from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. New medications seem to be more effective and have fewer side effects than previous options.
An infection caused by a virus. In most cases, it is spread by mosquitoes, but Zika virus also can be transmitted sexually. Zika is usually mild, with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being infected. Research shows that getting Zika during pregnancy can cause birth defects in the developing fetus. InZika virus infection was linked to microcephaly—a condition in which the brain and skull are smaller than normal—in newborns, as well as other birth defects.
Pregnant women should not travel to areas with Zika. If you must travel to one of these areas, talk to your health care provider first and strictly follow steps to prevent mosquito bites during your trip. Learn how to protect yourself and your partner from Zika during sex at https: There is currently no specific List some sexually transmitted diseases or treatment for Zika infection.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention maintains a website with the latest information about Zika. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Chlamydia — CDC fact sheet. Gonorrhea — CDC
List some sexually transmitted diseases sheet. Genital herpes — CDC fact sheet. Trends in herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 seroprevalence in the United States.
Journal of the American Medical Association, 8— A report of three cases and review of intrauterine herpes simplex virus infection. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal30, — Retrieved May 27,from http: Use of 9-valent
List some sexually transmitted diseases papillomavirus HPV vaccine: